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This large fishing eagle is one of the most easily recognizable species of raptor. Their population has recovered well after the banning of DDT – a pesticide that caused eggshell thinning, and caused bald eagle numbers to drop dangerously low. Today they are seen everywhere, even living close to humans.

Bald Eagle

Scientific Name: Haliaeetus leucocephalus

These nocturnal owls use their phenomenal hearing to hunt small rodents. Their silent flight allows them to hunt without alerting their prey. Consider putting up Barn Owl nest boxes to help conserve your local barn owl population.

Barn Owl

Scientific Name: Tyto alba

With a wingspan rivaling the bald eagle, this soaring vulture can stay aloft for hours without flapping its wings. They use their amazing sense of smell to find carrion to feed on – Turkey Vultures can detect pieces of raw meat from kilometers away.

Turkey Vulture

Scientific Name: Cathartes aura

These fearsome raptors are the largest species of falcon in the world. They live in cold, northern climates, where they pursue and hunt other birds in flight. It is one of only a small number of raptor species that make their home in the arctic.


Scientific Name: Falco rusticolus

North America’s smallest falcon, these little raptors are still incredibly fierce predators, hunting insects, small rodents and other birds. While currently a commonly found raptor, they are at risk from habitat loss, and pesticide exposure.

American Kestrel

Scientific Name: Falco sparverius

Once confined to the eastern regions of North America, the Barred Owl has gradually spread westward, and is now commonly found throughout the Pacific Northwest. Their characteristic “who cooks for you?” call makes them easy to identify at night.

Barred Owl

Scientific Name: Strix varia

Smaller than the Turkey Vultures they share a portion of their range with, the Black Vulture lacks a keen sense of smell. These social vultures often travel in family groups, and will follow Turkey Vultures to carrion, then use their superior numbers to drive the larger bird from the food.

Black Vulture

Scientific Name: Coragyps atratus

Small, intense raptors that live and hunt under the forest canopy. Ambushing prey by waiting in bushes, or flying rapidly through the forest, these raptors primarily eat other birds. Watch for them near backyard bird feeders – they love to eat small birds.

Coopers Hawk

Scientific Name: Accipiter cooperii

One of the largest species of owl in the world, these raptors were heavily persecuted throughout Europe, considered a threat to game species and small livestock. Today, breeding programs aim to re-introduce the species to many places in western Europe.

Eurasian Eagle Owl

Scientific Name: Bubo bubo

The largest species of hawk in North America, these prairie raptors are master small mammal hunters. The name Ferruginous means “rust-coloured”, and refers to the reddish markings on their legs and back.

Ferruginous Hawk

Scientific Name: Buteo regalis
Altani (Golden Eagle)

Powerful eagles that hunt a wide variety of prey – from small mammals, all the way up to animals as large as mountain goats. These raptors are one of the most widespread species of eagle, found in North America, Europe, Asia, and small parts of Africa.

Golden Eagle

Scientific Name: Aquila chrysaetos

This large, powerful hunter is found all across North America, and has an incredibly diverse diet. These owls will hunt nearly anything they can get their talons on, including large prey like skunks, porcupines and occasionally other raptors.

Great Horned Owl

Scientific Name: Bubo virginianus

The only truly social raptor, these hawks sometimes live and hunt in groups. Living in arid environments, these highly intelligent hawks work as a team to flush and subdue prey.

Harris Hawk

Scientific Name: Parabuteo unicinctus

Massive scavengers native to sub-Saharan Africa, these birds have a bald head to assist in keeping themselves clean while feeding on carrion. Due to their lack of a hooked beak, they will often wait for vultures to tear large pieces off a carcass, then use their superior size and aggressive nature to bully the food from the other bird.

Marabou Stork

Scientific Name: Leptoptilos crumenifer

The fastest animal on the planet, Peregrines have been recorded diving at speeds over 300 km/h. These adaptable avian hunters are one of the most widespread species of bird in the world – living on every continent except Antarctica, and today we are even seeing Peregrines living and nesting in large city cores.

Peregrine Falcon

Scientific Name: Falco peregrinus

Watch the skies on a warm day for these large soaring hawks. These adaptable predators are well known and widespread across North America. Masters of energy conservation, they will often sit for hours, waiting for prey to run by the base of the perch before diving on it. They are often seen alongside highways and roads.

Red Tailed Hawk

Scientific Name: Buteo jamaicensis

One of the first species that inspired the art of falconry. This large, middle-eastern falcon is currently endangered, suffering population loss due to illegal trapping and destruction of habitat.

Saker Falcon

Scientific Name: Falco cherrug

Native to rainforests in Central and South America, this large owl sports a distinct light and dark coloration that allows it to blend with the light in the jungle. The white markings around their eyes resemble a pair of glasses, giving them the “spectacled” name.

Spectacled Owl

Scientific Name: Pulsatrix perspicillata